Gluons are the particles responsible for holding the quarks together inside the proton, neutron and other hadrons.
Remember the diagram we used to represent events:
A high energy gluon can be radiated from either the quark or the antiquark as shown in the following diagram:
Notice this diagram looks quite similar to that for the radiation of a photon from a quark, which we looked at in the previous section. Unlike a photon we do not observe the gluon directly in our detector. Instead the gluon produces a shower (or "jet") of particles, just like a quark, and it is this jet of particles we observe in our detector.
The presence of a gluon in addition to a quark-antiquark pair produces an event containing three jets: Here is an example event:
Example Event Number 1
End-On View of Event
Side View of Event
If two high energy gluons are radiated then we may see events with four jets: .
Notice that such events can start to look very much like the events we looked at in an earlier section! Sometimes it is impossible to say if a particular event belongs to one type or the other.
Next take a look at some example "four fermion" events.
Back to general section on "How to Identify Some Slightly More Complicated Types of Event".
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